Foot of Water Column is an American and English low value pressure unit, now used mostly in the USA where feet and inches are the standard units for measuring distance. 1 foot of water column at 4 degC (39.2 degF) equals 2989.07 pascals.

The main use for the feet of water pressure unit is to measure fluid level in a tank or depth in a liquid such as sea water. Water is the most common liquid found on Earth and the density of all other types of liquid are referenced and compared to the density of water. If the specific gravity (ratio of density comparison with water) of a certain liquid is known, it will be possible to convert the required height range into feet of water to make it possible to select the correct hydrostatic range for a liquid level measurement device.

For more background information on American and British hydrostatic pressure units please go to our inches of water page.

You will find various conversion factors for 1 foot of water gauge in the list below.

To convert other pressure units into feet of water column please click on the appropriate link in the table below.

Calculate any number of ftWG values using our online pressure converter.

View the calculation for deriving ftH2O from SI units or the list of different forms of writing ftH2O that you might see used.

**ftH2O - feet of water column unit range pressure measurement products**

- 40 ftH2Og range 1-5Vdc output freshwater pressure sensor for environmental monitoring use
- 2 to 5 ftH2O g range 1 to 5 volts output submersible freshwater tank level sensor
- Non-metallic level sensor with 3 ftH2O range & 4-20mA signal
- 10 metre / 32.8 feet deep fresh water level and temperature digital sensor

## Conversion Factors

- 0.0298907 bar
- 0.433528 psi
- 29.8907 mbar
- 2989.07 N/m²
- 2989.07 Pa
- 29.8907 hPa
- 2.98907 kPa
- 0.00298907 MPa
- 0.0304800 kg/cm²
- 304.800 mmH2O 4°C (39.2°F)
- 30.4800 cmH2O 4°C (39.2°F)
- 0.304800 mH2O 4°C (39.2°F)
- 12 inH2O 4°C (39.2°F)
- 1 ftH2O 4°C (39.2°F)
- 22.4198 mmHg 0°C (32°F)
- 2.24198 cmHg 0°C (32°F)
- 0.882671 inHg 0°C (32°F)
- 22.4198 Torr
- 22419.8 mTorr
- 0.0294998 atm
- 0.0304800 at
- 29890.7 dyn/cm²
- 6.93644 oz/in²
- 22419.8 µHg 0°C (32°F)
- 0.000193539 tsi (uk, long)
- 0.000216764 tsi (usa, short)
- 0.0312140 tsf (usa, short)
- 62.4280 psf
- 30.4800 g/cm²

*Please note that the conversion factors above are accurate to 6 significant figures.*

**ftH2O - feet of water column unit range pressure measurement products**

- Wastewater holding tank submersible 8 feet deep level monitoring pressure transmitter
- Non-metallic level sensor with 3 ftH2O range & 4-20mA signal
- Retention pond 20 feet deep submersible water level sensor
- 350 feet deep well level pressure sensor

## Derivation

The calculation below shows how the pressure unit Feet of Water Column (ftH2O) is derived from SI Units.

#### Formula

- Pressure = Force / Area
- Force = Mass x Acceleration
- Mass = Density x Volume
- Volume = Area x Height
- Acceleration = Distance / (Time x Time)

#### SI Units

- Mass: kilogram (kg)
- Length: metre (m)
- Time: second (s)
- Force: newton (N)
- Pressure: pascal (Pa)

#### Input Values

- Density = Water Density at 4degC = 1000 kg/m³
- Area = 1 m²
- Height = 1 ft = 0.3048 m
- Acceleration = Standard Gravity = 9.80665 m/s²

#### Calculation

- 1 ftH2O Mass = 1000 kg/m³ x 1 m² x 0.3048 m = 304.8 kg
- 1 ftH2O Force = 304.8 kg x 9.80665 m/s² = 2989.06692 N
- 1 ftH2O Pressure = 2989.06692 N / 1 m² = 2989.0992 Pa

**ftH2O - feet of water column unit range pressure measurement products**

- 350 feet deep well level pressure sensor
- Water depth and temperature transmitter for 700 foot deep borehole
- Level transmitter for waste water tank 10 feet deep
- 2 to 5 ftH2O g range 1 to 5 volts output submersible freshwater tank level sensor

## Alternate Descriptions

These are the different versions used for identifying inH2O that you may find elsewhere.

- Feet of H2O
- Foot of H2O
- Feet of Water Column
- Foot of Water Column
- Feet of Water Gauge
- Foot of Water Gauge
- ftH2O
- ftWC
- ftWG
- ftWS
- ftAq
- ft H2O
- ft WC
- ft WG
- ft WS
- ft Aq
- ‘H2O
- ‘WC
- ‘WG
- ‘WS
- ‘Aq

## Conversion Tables

Select a look up table for converting a pressure reading in feet of water column to other measurement units.

- mH
_{2}O » 1 to 1000 ftH_{2}O → 0.3048 to 304.800 mH_{2}O - bar » 1 to 40,000 ftH
_{2}O → 0.0298907 to 1,195.63 bar

**ftH2O - feet of water column unit range pressure measurement products**

- 40 ftH2O Hydroelectric power plant tail water elevation & temperature sensor
- Retention pond 20 feet deep submersible water level sensor
- Level transmitter for waste water tank 10 feet deep
- 10 metre / 32.8 feet deep fresh water level and temperature digital sensor

## Measurement Unit Related Terms

More pages related to measurement unit technical terms.

- at – Technical Atmosphere Pressure Unit
- atm – Standard Atmosphere Pressure Unit
- bar Pressure Unit
- cmH2O – Centimetres of Water Column at 4 deg C Pressure Unit
- cmHg – Centimetres of Mercury at 0 deg C Pressure Unit
- daPa – Dekapascal Pressure Unit
- dyn/cm² – Dyne per Square Centimetre Pressure Unit
- g – Acceleration due to Gravity
- g/cm² – Grams per Square Centimetre Pressure Unit
- hPa – Hectopascal Pressure Unit
- inH2O – Inches of Water Column at 4 deg C Pressure Unit
- inHg – Inches of Mercury at 0 degrees C Pressure Unit
- kg/cm² – Kilogram per Square Centimetre Pressure Unit
- kg/mm² – Kilogram per Square Millimetre Pressure Unit
- kPa – Kilopascal Pressure Unit
- ksi – Kilopounds per Square Inch Pressure Unit
- mbar – Millibar Pressure Unit
- mH2O – Metres of Water Gauge at 4 deg C Pressure Unit
- mmH2O – Millimetres of Water Column at 4 deg C Pressure Unit
- mmHg – Millimetres of Mercury at 0 deg C Pressure Unit
- MPa – Megapascal Pressure Unit
- mPa – Millipascal Pressure Unit
- mTorr – Millitorr Pressure Unit
- N/cm² – Newton per Square Centimetre Pressure Unit
- N/m2 – Newton per Square Metre Pressure Unit
- N/mm² – Newton per Square Millimetre Pressure Unit
- oz/in² – Ounce per Square Inch Pressure Unit
- Pa – Pascal Pressure Unit
- Pressure
- Pressure Units
- psf – Pounds per Square Foot Pressure Unit
- psi – Pounds per Square Inch Pressure Unit
- Specific Gravity
- Torr Pressure Unit
- tsf – Tons per Square Foot (USA, Short) Pressure Unit
- tsi – Tons per Square Inch (UK, Long) Pressure Unit
- tsi – Tons per Square Inch (USA, Short) Pressure Unit
- Water Density
- µHg – Micron of Mercury at 0 deg C Pressure Unit