Low range pressure sensors, gauges, loggers and calibrators for measuring low pressures on filtration systems, ventilation fans, air conditioning & handling systems.
These instruments are used for measuring very low pressures in applications such as on building management systems to control the distribution of air throughout the building, for ensuring a small difference in air pressure between two adjoining labs to prevent contamination, or for monitoring the increase in pressure across a filter to indicate when the filter should be cleaned or replaced.
Browse low range pressure sensors and instrumentation by product type.
- Low Pressure Transmitters
- Low Differential Pressure Transmitters
- Low Range DP Voltage Output Transducers
- Low Pressure Calibrators
- Low Range DP Sensors
- Low Pressure Data Loggers
- Low Range Digital Interface Pressure Sensors
- Low Range Voltage Output Pressure Transducers
- Low Range Pressure Sensors
- Low Range Pressure Gauges
- Draft Pressure Sensors
- Low Pressure Range Intrinsically Safe Pressure Transmitters
- Low Range USB Pressure Sensors
Measuring low range pressures is typically necessary on systems that transport air or gases such as building ventilation and factory dust or fume extraction.
In order to move air or gas from one place to another, a differential pressure difference needs to be created which causes movement in the direction of higher to lower pressure. Only a relatively small difference in pressure is needed to create sufficient movement of air or gas, which is a good thing because too high a differential would cause problems with noise and opening of doors in a workplace environment.
The size of low pressure measuring devices tends to be larger than equivalent higher range ones, this is because lower pressures produce less deformation in the sensing material, and therefore a larger surface area is required to maintain sensitivity of measurement. A thinner material is also used, but this is often limited by the technology and strength of the active material.
Due to the larger surface area and thinner sensing material used in low pressure sensing devices, it is necessary to downgrade the accuracy performance compared to higher ranges, because they are more sensitive to external environmental influences such as vibration and temperature changes.
Pressure units which are used to describe low pressure ranges include pascals (Pa), millibars (mbar, mb), hectopascals (hPa) or inches of water column (inH2O, inWC, inWG, “H2O, “WC, “WG).
Questions & Answers
Train tunnel low pressure change
We want to measure the change in pressure on a tunnel wall as a train passes through it, we expect the pressure change to be as high as 2.5 kPa. Would it be best use two absolute or one differential range pressure sensor to measure this?
Where possible always use a differential range pressure sensor to measure a pressure change that is much smaller than the baseline total pressure. If you use an absolute range pressure sensor it will have a range of ~120 kPa absolute and therefore the accuracy at the 2.5 kPa is going to be very poor, and thats before you have considered the additional error of subtracting the other static reference reading. If you use a differential pressure sensor with a low pressure range of 2.5 kPa you will measure the change directly and to a much higher accuracy.
Will long pipework affect low pressure readings?
Long small bore pipework will dampen pressure readings if the pressure is changing rapidly, so ideally you want to mount the sensor as close as possible and keep the pipework as short as possible, particular on connections which will have very dynamic pressures.
Trapped water in pipes
Will trapped water affect low air pressure readings?
Water trapped inside small diameter pipework used to measure a low air pressure will cause unexpected pressure changes due to the water head pressure and meniscus force effects. A slug of water in a vertical section of pipe will contribute a slight pressure on the trapped air inside the pipe. Also the surface tension generated by the air/water interface will contribute a force known as capillary action, which will cause a slight increase or decrease in pressure.
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