Contents

- Piston cylinder force & diameter to pressure calculator
- Force & area to pressure calculator
- Pressure & area to force calculator
- Convert force to different units
- Convert pressure to different units
- Calculate circle area from diameter
- Calculate circle diameter from area

## User Guide

This tool will calculate the force generated by a piston cylinder for a specified pneumatic/hydraulic pressure and piston-cylinder bore diameter.

### Formula

The formula used by this calculator to determine the piston cylinder force from pressure and diameter is:

r = ø/2

A = π·r^{2} = π·(ø/2)^{2}

F = P·A

F = P·π·(ø/2)^{2}

#### Symbols

- F = Force
- P = Pressure
- π = Pi = 3.14159…
- r = Circle radius
- ø = Circle diameter
- A = Circle area

### Applied Pressure

Enter the reading in any units for the applied pneumatic or hydraulic pressure.

### Piston / Cylinder Bore Diameter

Enter the diameter of the cylinder bore or the piston, and for better precision use the average of the two if possible.

### Generated Force

This is the force generated by a piston/cylinder of a specified diameter and applied pressure, and can be displayed in a choice of different force measurement units.

## Applications

- Hydraulic cylinder
- Pneumatic cylinder
- Hydraulic press