Accuracy of a measurement instrument defines how much a measurement value may deviate from the perfect measured value.
Accuracy is very closely connected with precision, but unlike precision it is constrained by a series of fixed reference points or absolute values that all readings are compared with to define the exactness of the instrument measurement. Typically these comparison absolute values are read from a more accurate instrument ideally with a 10 to 1 ratio difference in accuracy to ensure it does not contribute significantly to the overall error calculation. However in practise it is not always possible to achieve such a high ratio difference in accuracy. When this is the case the overall accuracy should also include the reference instrument uncertainty which better reflects the true accuracy of the device.
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Accuracy Related Terms
More pages related to accuracy technical terms.